Hamilton restores aging watermain sections following friction loss testing

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By Dave Alberton and Erika Waite

A large portion (25.73%) of the watermains in Hamilton, Ont. are unlined cast iron pipe (CIP). While the average age of the city’s watermains are around 44 years, much of this CIP is closer to 83 years.

Read the full article in ES&E Magazine’s October 2021 issue:

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